Articles | Volume 18, issue 5
Research article
13 Sep 2022
Research article |  | 13 Sep 2022

Multi-platform study of the extreme bloom of the barrel jellyfish Rhizostoma pulmo (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa) in the northernmost gulf of the Mediterranean Sea (Gulf of Trieste) in April 2021

Nydia Catalina Reyes Suárez, Valentina Tirelli, Laura Ursella, Matjaž Ličer, Massimo Celio, and Vanessa Cardin

Related authors

Coastal high-frequency radars in the Mediterranean – Part 2: Applications in support of science priorities and societal needs
Emma Reyes, Eva Aguiar, Michele Bendoni, Maristella Berta, Carlo Brandini, Alejandro Cáceres-Euse, Fulvio Capodici, Vanessa Cardin, Daniela Cianelli, Giuseppe Ciraolo, Lorenzo Corgnati, Vlado Dadić, Bartolomeo Doronzo, Aldo Drago, Dylan Dumas, Pierpaolo Falco, Maria Fattorini, Maria J. Fernandes, Adam Gauci, Roberto Gómez, Annalisa Griffa, Charles-Antoine Guérin, Ismael Hernández-Carrasco, Jaime Hernández-Lasheras, Matjaž Ličer, Pablo Lorente, Marcello G. Magaldi, Carlo Mantovani, Hrvoje Mihanović, Anne Molcard, Baptiste Mourre, Adèle Révelard, Catalina Reyes-Suárez, Simona Saviano, Roberta Sciascia, Stefano Taddei, Joaquín Tintoré, Yaron Toledo, Marco Uttieri, Ivica Vilibić, Enrico Zambianchi, and Alejandro Orfila
Ocean Sci., 18, 797–837,,, 2022
Short summary
Lagrangian modelling of a person lost at sea during the Adriatic scirocco storm of 29 October 2018
Matjaž Ličer, Solène Estival, Catalina Reyes-Suarez, Davide Deponte, and Anja Fettich
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 2335–2349,,, 2020
Short summary

Cited articles

Allen, S. E. and Durrieu de Madron, X.: A review of the role of submarine canyons in deep-ocean exchange with the shelf, Ocean Sci., 5, 607–620,, 2009. a
Baliarsingh, S. K., Lotliker, A. A., Srichandan, S., Samanta, A., Kumar, N., and Nair, T. M. B.: A review of jellyfish aggregations, focusing on India’s coastal waters, Ecol. Proc., 9, 58,, 2020. a
Bensi, M., Cardin, V., Rubino, A., Notarstefano, G., and Poulain, P. M.: Effects of winter convection on the deep layer of the Southern Adriatic Sea in 2012, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 118, 6064–6075,, 2013. a, b, c
Buongiorno Nardelli, B., Tronconi, C., Pisano, A., and Santoleri, R.: Mediterranean Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis, Copernicus Marine Service, [data set],, last access: 27 August 2021. a
Boero, F., Brotz, L., Gibbons, M. J., Piraino, S., and Zampardi, S.: 3.10 Impacts and effects of ocean warming on jellyfish, Explaining ocean warming: Causes, scale, effects and consequences, IUCN Gland, Switzerland, 213–237, 2016. a
Short summary
Explaining the dynamics of jellyfish blooms is a challenge for scientists. Biological and meteo-oceanographic data were combined on different timescales to explain the exceptional bloom of the jellyfish Rhizostoma pulmo in the Gulf of Trieste (Adriatic Sea) in April 2021. The bloom was associated with anomalously warm seasonal sea conditions. Then, a strong bora wind event enhanced upwelling and mixing of the water column, causing jellyfish to rise to the surface and accumulate along the coast.