Articles | Volume 18, issue 5
Ocean Sci., 18, 1321–1337, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-18-1321-2022
Ocean Sci., 18, 1321–1337, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-18-1321-2022
Research article
13 Sep 2022
Research article | 13 Sep 2022

Multi-platform study of the extreme bloom of the barrel jellyfish Rhizostoma pulmo (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa) in the northernmost gulf of the Mediterranean Sea (Gulf of Trieste) in April 2021

Nydia Catalina Reyes Suárez et al.

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Allen, S. E. and Durrieu de Madron, X.: A review of the role of submarine canyons in deep-ocean exchange with the shelf, Ocean Sci., 5, 607–620, https://doi.org/10.5194/os-5-607-2009, 2009. a
Baliarsingh, S. K., Lotliker, A. A., Srichandan, S., Samanta, A., Kumar, N., and Nair, T. M. B.: A review of jellyfish aggregations, focusing on India’s coastal waters, Ecol. Proc., 9, 58, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13717-020-00268-z, 2020. a
Bensi, M., Cardin, V., Rubino, A., Notarstefano, G., and Poulain, P. M.: Effects of winter convection on the deep layer of the Southern Adriatic Sea in 2012, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 118, 6064–6075, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JC009432, 2013. a, b, c
Buongiorno Nardelli, B., Tronconi, C., Pisano, A., and Santoleri, R.: Mediterranean Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis, Copernicus Marine Service, [data set], https://resources.marine.copernicus.eu/product-detail/SST_MED_SST_L4_NRT_OBSERVATIONS_010_004/INFORMATION, last access: 27 August 2021. a
Boero, F., Brotz, L., Gibbons, M. J., Piraino, S., and Zampardi, S.: 3.10 Impacts and effects of ocean warming on jellyfish, Explaining ocean warming: Causes, scale, effects and consequences, IUCN Gland, Switzerland, 213–237, 2016. a
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Short summary
Explaining the dynamics of jellyfish blooms is a challenge for scientists. Biological and meteo-oceanographic data were combined on different timescales to explain the exceptional bloom of the jellyfish Rhizostoma pulmo in the Gulf of Trieste (Adriatic Sea) in April 2021. The bloom was associated with anomalously warm seasonal sea conditions. Then, a strong bora wind event enhanced upwelling and mixing of the water column, causing jellyfish to rise to the surface and accumulate along the coast.