Articles | Volume 19, issue 6
Research article
29 Nov 2023
Research article |  | 29 Nov 2023

Response of the Arctic sea ice–ocean system to meltwater perturbations based on a one-dimensional model study

Haohao Zhang, Xuezhi Bai, and Kaiwen Wang

Related subject area

Approach: Numerical Models | Properties and processes: Interactions with the atmosphere or cryosphere
Southern Ocean warming and Antarctic ice shelf melting in conditions plausible by late 23rd century in a high-end scenario
Pierre Mathiot and Nicolas C. Jourdain
Ocean Sci., 19, 1595–1615,,, 2023
Short summary
On the drivers of regime shifts in the Antarctic marginal seas, exemplified by the Weddell Sea
Verena Haid, Ralph Timmermann, Özgür Gürses, and Hartmut H. Hellmer
Ocean Sci., 19, 1529–1544,,, 2023
Short summary
Southern Weddell Sea surface freshwater flux modulated by icescape and atmospheric forcing
Lukrecia Štulić, Ralph Timmermann, Stephan Paul, Rolf Zentek, Günther Heinemann, and Torsten Kanzow
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Bintanja, R. and Selten, F. M.: Future increases in Arctic precipitation linked to local evaporation and sea-ice retreat, Nature, 509, 479–482,, 2014. 
Bintanja, R., van Oldenborgh, G. J., Drijfhout, S. S., Wouters, B., and Katsman, C. A.: Important role for ocean warming and increased ice-shelf melt in Antarctic sea-ice expansion, Nat. Geosci., 6, 376–379,, 2013. 
Bitz, C. M. and Lipscomb, W. H.: An energy-conserving thermodynamic model of sea ice, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 15669–15677,, 1999. 
Bitz, C. M., Battisti, D. S., Moritz, R. E., and Beesley, J. A.: Low-Frequency Variability in the Arctic Atmosphere, Sea Ice, and Upper-Ocean Climate System, J. Climate, 9, 394–408, 1996. 
Björk, G.: Dependence of the Arctic Ocean ice thickness distribution on the poleward energy flux in the atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 3173,, 2002a. 
Short summary
Meltwater is a critical factor affecting the upper Arctic Ocean, but there has been little research on its specific effects. By artificially removing meltwater from a column model, we found that reducing meltwater weakened ocean stratification and increased summer sea ice melting. The role of meltwater in winter sea ice formation varies by region – removing meltwater increased winter sea ice formation in areas with strong stratification, while decreasing it in areas with weak stratification.