Articles | Volume 19, issue 6
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-19-1649-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-19-1649-2023
Research article
 | 
29 Nov 2023
Research article |  | 29 Nov 2023

Response of the Arctic sea ice–ocean system to meltwater perturbations based on a one-dimensional model study

Haohao Zhang, Xuezhi Bai, and Kaiwen Wang

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Short summary
Meltwater is a critical factor affecting the upper Arctic Ocean, but there has been little research on its specific effects. By artificially removing meltwater from a column model, we found that reducing meltwater weakened ocean stratification and increased summer sea ice melting. The role of meltwater in winter sea ice formation varies by region – removing meltwater increased winter sea ice formation in areas with strong stratification, while decreasing it in areas with weak stratification.