Articles | Volume 17, issue 6
Review article
26 Nov 2021
Review article |  | 26 Nov 2021

Progress in understanding of Indian Ocean circulation, variability, air–sea exchange, and impacts on biogeochemistry

Helen E. Phillips, Amit Tandon, Ryo Furue, Raleigh Hood, Caroline C. Ummenhofer, Jessica A. Benthuysen, Viviane Menezes, Shijian Hu, Ben Webber, Alejandra Sanchez-Franks, Deepak Cherian, Emily Shroyer, Ming Feng, Hemantha Wijesekera, Abhisek Chatterjee, Lisan Yu, Juliet Hermes, Raghu Murtugudde, Tomoki Tozuka, Danielle Su, Arvind Singh, Luca Centurioni, Satya Prakash, and Jerry Wiggert

Related authors

A glaciochemical study of the 120 m ice core from Mill Island, East Antarctica
Mana Inoue, Mark A. J. Curran, Andrew D. Moy, Tas D. van Ommen, Alexander D. Fraser, Helen E. Phillips, and Ian D. Goodwin
Clim. Past, 13, 437–453,,, 2017
Short summary
Biogeochemical variability in the central equatorial Indian Ocean during the monsoon transition
P. G. Strutton, V. J. Coles, R. R. Hood, R. J. Matear, M. J. McPhaden, and H. E. Phillips
Biogeosciences, 12, 2367–2382,,, 2015
Short summary

Cited articles

Abram, N. J., Gagan, M. K., Cole, J. E., Hantoro, W. S., and Mudelsee, M.: Recent intensification of tropical climate variability in the Indian Ocean, Nat. Geosci., 1, 849–853,, 2008. 
Abram, N. J., Hargreaves, J. A., Wright, N. M., Thirumalai, K., Ummenhofer, C. C., and England, M. H.: Palaeoclimate perspectives on the Indian Ocean Dipole, Quat. Sci. Rev., 237, 106302,, 2020a. 
Abram, N. J., Wright, N. M., Ellis, B., Dixon, B. C., Wurtzel, J. B., England, M. H., Ummenhofer, C. C., Philibosian, B., Cahyarini, S. Y., Yu, T.-L., Shen, C.-C., Cheng, H., Edwards, R. L., and Heslop, D.: Coupling of Indo-Pacific climate variability over the last millennium, Nature, 579, 385–392,, 2020b. 
Adams, K., MacKinnon, J., Lucas, A. J., Nash, J., Shroyer, E., and Farrar, J. T.: Multi-platform observations of small-scale lateral mixed layer variability in the northern Bay of Bengal, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 168, 104629,, 2019. 
Akhil, V. P., Durand, F., Lengaigne, M., Vialard, J., Keerthi, M. G., Gopalakrishna, V. V., Deltel, C., Papa, F., and De Boyer Montégut, C.: A modeling study of the processes of surface salinity seasonal cycle in the Bay of Bengal, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 119, 3926–3947,, 2014. 

The requested paper has a corresponding corrigendum published. Please read the corrigendum first before downloading the article.

Short summary
Over the past decade, understanding of the Indian Ocean has progressed through new observations and advances in theory and models of the oceanic and atmospheric circulation. This review brings together new understanding of the ocean–atmosphere system in the Indian Ocean, describing Indian Ocean circulation patterns, air–sea interactions, climate variability, and the critical role of the Indian Ocean as a clearing house for anthropogenic heat.