Articles | Volume 17, issue 6
Ocean Sci., 17, 1677–1751, 2021

Special issue: Understanding the Indian Ocean system: past, present and future...

Ocean Sci., 17, 1677–1751, 2021
Review article
26 Nov 2021
Review article | 26 Nov 2021

Progress in understanding of Indian Ocean circulation, variability, air–sea exchange, and impacts on biogeochemistry

Helen E. Phillips et al.

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Cited articles

Abram, N. J., Gagan, M. K., Cole, J. E., Hantoro, W. S., and Mudelsee, M.: Recent intensification of tropical climate variability in the Indian Ocean, Nat. Geosci., 1, 849–853,, 2008. 
Abram, N. J., Hargreaves, J. A., Wright, N. M., Thirumalai, K., Ummenhofer, C. C., and England, M. H.: Palaeoclimate perspectives on the Indian Ocean Dipole, Quat. Sci. Rev., 237, 106302,, 2020a. 
Abram, N. J., Wright, N. M., Ellis, B., Dixon, B. C., Wurtzel, J. B., England, M. H., Ummenhofer, C. C., Philibosian, B., Cahyarini, S. Y., Yu, T.-L., Shen, C.-C., Cheng, H., Edwards, R. L., and Heslop, D.: Coupling of Indo-Pacific climate variability over the last millennium, Nature, 579, 385–392,, 2020b. 
Adams, K., MacKinnon, J., Lucas, A. J., Nash, J., Shroyer, E., and Farrar, J. T.: Multi-platform observations of small-scale lateral mixed layer variability in the northern Bay of Bengal, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 168, 104629,, 2019. 
Akhil, V. P., Durand, F., Lengaigne, M., Vialard, J., Keerthi, M. G., Gopalakrishna, V. V., Deltel, C., Papa, F., and De Boyer Montégut, C.: A modeling study of the processes of surface salinity seasonal cycle in the Bay of Bengal, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 119, 3926–3947,, 2014. 

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Short summary
Over the past decade, understanding of the Indian Ocean has progressed through new observations and advances in theory and models of the oceanic and atmospheric circulation. This review brings together new understanding of the ocean–atmosphere system in the Indian Ocean, describing Indian Ocean circulation patterns, air–sea interactions, climate variability, and the critical role of the Indian Ocean as a clearing house for anthropogenic heat.