Articles | Volume 16, issue 6
Research article
01 Dec 2020
Research article |  | 01 Dec 2020

The winter stratification phenomenon and its consequences in the Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea

Taavi Liblik, Germo Väli, Inga Lips, Madis-Jaak Lilover, Villu Kikas, and Jaan Laanemets


Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Peer-review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Taavi Liblik on behalf of the Authors (31 Aug 2020)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (08 Sep 2020) by Mario Hoppema
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (02 Oct 2020)
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (07 Oct 2020) by Mario Hoppema
AR by Taavi Liblik on behalf of the Authors (19 Oct 2020)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (21 Oct 2020) by Mario Hoppema
Short summary
The upper mixed layer, shallower than the depth of the euphotic zone, is one of the preconditions for enhanced primary production in the ocean. In the Baltic Sea, the general understanding is that the upper mixed layer is much deeper in winter. In this study, we demonstrate that wintertime shallow stratification and an elevated phytoplankton biomass proxy, chlorophyll, are common in the Gulf of Finland. Stratification is invoked by the westward flow of riverine water forced by an easterly wind.