Articles | Volume 18, issue 1
Ocean Sci., 18, 129–142, 2022

Special issue: Advances in interdisciplinary studies at multiple scales in...

Ocean Sci., 18, 129–142, 2022
Research article
26 Jan 2022
Research article | 26 Jan 2022

Characterization of the Atlantic Water and Levantine Intermediate Water in the Mediterranean Sea using 20 years of Argo data

Giusy Fedele et al.

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Cited articles

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Aulicino, G., Cotroneo, Y., Olmedo, E., Cesarano, C., Fusco, G., and Budillon, G.: In Situ and Satellite Sea Surface Salinity in the Algerian Basin Observed through ABACUS Glider Measurements and BEC SMOS Regional Products, Remote Sens.-Basel, 11, 1361,, 2019. 
Azzaro, M., La Ferla, R., Maimone, G., Monticelli, L. S., Zaccone, R., and Civitarese, G.: Prokaryotic dynamics and heterotrophic metabolism in a deep convection site of Eastern Mediterranean Sea (the Southern Adriatic Pit), Cont. Shelf Res., 44, 106–118,, 2012. 
Short summary
Atlantic Water (AW) and Levantine Intermediate Water (LIW) are important water masses that play a crucial role in the internal variability of the Mediterranean thermohaline circulation. This work aims to characterize the inter-basin and inter-annual variability of AW and LIW in the Mediterranean Sea, taking advantage of the large observational dataset provided by Argo floats from 2001 to 2019. A clear salinification and warming trend characterizes AW and LIW over the last 2 decades.