Articles | Volume 18, issue 1
Ocean Sci., 18, 129–142, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-18-129-2022

Special issue: Advances in interdisciplinary studies at multiple scales in...

Ocean Sci., 18, 129–142, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-18-129-2022

Research article 26 Jan 2022

Research article | 26 Jan 2022

Characterization of the Atlantic Water and Levantine Intermediate Water in the Mediterranean Sea using 20 years of Argo data

Giusy Fedele et al.

Data sets

Argo Data 1999–2019: Two Million Temperature-Salinity Profiles and Subsurface Velocity Observations From a Global Array of Profiling Floats (https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00652/76377/) Annie P. S. Wong, Susan E. Wijffels, Stephen C. Riser, Sylvie Pouliquen, Shigeki Hosoda, Dean Roemmich, John Gilson, Gregory C. Johnson, Kim Martini, David J. Murphy, Megan Scanderbeg, T. V. S. Udaya Bhaskar, Justin J. H. Buck, Frederic Merceur, Thierry Carval, Guillaume Maze, Cécile Cabanes, Xavier André, Noé Poffa, Igor Yashayaev, Paul M. Barker, Stéphanie Guinehut, Mathieu Belbéoch, Mark Ignaszewski, Molly O'Neil Baringer, Claudia Schmid, John M. Lyman, Kristene E. McTaggart, Sarah G. Purkey, Nathalie Zilberman, Matthew B. Alkire, Dana Swift, W. Brechner Owens, Steven R. Jayne, Cora Hersh, Pelle Robbins, Deb West-Mack, Frank Bahr, Sachiko Yoshida, Philip J. H. Sutton, Romain Cancouët, Christine Coatanoan, Delphine Dobbler, Andrea Garcia Juan, Jerôme Gourrion, Nicolas Kolodziejczyk, Vincent Bernard, Bernard Bourlès, Hervé Claustre, Fabrizio D'Ortenzio, Serge Le Reste, Pierre-Yve Le Traon, Jean-Philippe Rannou, Carole Saout-Grit, Sabrina Speich, Virginie Thierry, Nathalie Verbrugge, Ingrid M. Angel-Benavides, Birgit Klein, Giulio Notarstefano, Pierre-Marie Poulain, Pedro Vélez-Belchí, Toshio Suga, Kentaro Ando, Naoto Iwasaska, Taiyo Kobayashi, Shuhei Masuda, Eitarou Oka, Kanako Sato, Tomoaki Nakamura, Katsunari Sato, Yasushi Takatsuki, Takashi Yoshida, Rebecca Cowley, Jenny L. Lovell, Peter R. Oke, Esmee M. van Wijk, Fiona Carse, Matthew Donnelly, W. John Gould, Katie Gowers, Brian A. King, Stephen G. Loch, Mary Mowat, Jon Turton, E. Pattabhi Rama Rao, M. Ravichandran, Howard J. Freeland, Isabelle Gaboury, Denis Gilbert, Blair J. W. Greenan, Mathieu Ouellet, Tetjana Ross, Anh Tran, Mingmei Dong, Zenghong Liu, Jianping Xu, KiRyong Kang, HyeongJun Jo, Sung-Dae Kim, and Hyuk-Min Park https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00700

Model code and software

MATLAB programming MathWorks https://ch.mathworks.com/products/matlab.html

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Short summary
Atlantic Water (AW) and Levantine Intermediate Water (LIW) are important water masses that play a crucial role in the internal variability of the Mediterranean thermohaline circulation. This work aims to characterize the inter-basin and inter-annual variability of AW and LIW in the Mediterranean Sea, taking advantage of the large observational dataset provided by Argo floats from 2001 to 2019. A clear salinification and warming trend characterizes AW and LIW over the last 2 decades.