Articles | Volume 17, issue 3
Research article
18 Jun 2021
Research article |  | 18 Jun 2021

Preface: Developments in the science and history of tides

Philip L. Woodworth, J. A. Mattias Green, Richard D. Ray, and John M. Huthnance

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Cited articles

Agnew, D. C.: Time and tide: pendulum clocks and gravity tides, Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 11, 215–224,, 2020. 
Baker, T. F.: Tidal tilt at Llanrwst, North Wales: tidal loading and Earth structure, Geophys. J. Roy. Astr. S., 62, 269–290,, 1980. 
Baker, T. F.: Earth tides and ocean tide loading, available at: (last access: 1 June 2021), 2016. 
Baker, T. F. and Bos, M. S.: Validating Earth and ocean tide models using tidal gravity measurements, Geophys. J. Int., 152, 468–485,, 2003. 
Boesch, A. and Müller-Navarra, S.: Reassessment of long-period constituents for tidal predictions along the German North Sea coast and its tidally influenced rivers, Ocean Sci., 15, 1363–1379,, 2019. 
Short summary
This special issue marks the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Liverpool Tidal Institute (LTI). The preface gives a history of the LTI founding and of its first two directors. It also gives an overview of LTI research on tides. Summaries are given of the 26 papers in the special issue. Their topics could be thought of as providing a continuation of the research first undertaken at the LTI. They provide an interesting snapshot of work on tides now being made by groups around the world.