Articles | Volume 17, issue 6
Research article
11 Nov 2021
Research article |  | 11 Nov 2021

Mean sea level and tidal change in Ireland since 1842: a case study of Cork

David T. Pugh, Edmund Bridge, Robin Edwards, Peter Hogarth, Guy Westbrook, Philip L. Woodworth, and Gerard D. McCarthy

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Cited articles

Airy, G. B.: On the laws of the tides on the coast of Ireland, as inferred from an extensive series of observations made in connexion with the Ordnance survey of Ireland, Abstr. Pap. Commun. R. Soc. Lond., 5, 539–540,, 1851. 
Andrews, J. H.: The Ordnance Survey in Nineteenth-Century Ireland, Four Courts History Classics, Dublin, 1975. 
Bell, C., Vassie, J. M., and Woodworth, P. L.: The Tidal Analysis Software Kit (TASK Package), TASK-2000 Version Dated December 1998, Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level, CCMS Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, Bidston Observatory, Birkenhead, UK, available at: (last access: 10 November 2021), 1996. 
Bradley, S. L., Milne, G. A., Shennan, I., and Edwards, R.: An improved glacial isostatic adjustment model for the British Isles, J. Quaternary Sci., 26, 541–552,, 2011. 
Short summary
Observations of sea level, taken manually by reading a tide pole, were carefully taken at a number of locations around Ireland in 1842 as part of the first land survey of Ireland. Our study investigates how useful this type of sea level observation is for understanding mean sea level and tidal change. We find that when carefully adjusted for seasonal, meteorological, and astronomical factors, these data can provide important insights into changing sea levels.