Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
Ocean Sci., 12, 533–544, 2016
Ocean Sci., 12, 533–544, 2016

Research article 12 Apr 2016

Research article | 12 Apr 2016

Seasonal hydrography and surface outflow in a fjord with a deep sill: the Reloncaví fjord, Chile

Manuel I. Castillo et al.

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Cited articles

Arneborg, L. and Liljebladh, B.: The internal seiches in Gullmar fjord part II – contribution to basin water mixing, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 2567–2574, 2001.
Bastén, J. and Clement, A.: Oceanografía del estuario de Reloncaví, X región de Chile, Ciencia y Tecnologia del Mar, 22, 31–46, 1999.
Buschmann, A. H., Cabello, F., Young, K., Carvajal, J., Varela, D. A., and Henriquez, L.: Salmon aquaculture and coastal ecosystem health in Chile: Analysis of regulations, environmental impacts and bioremediation systems, Ocean and Coastal Management, 52, 243–249, 2009.
Calvete, C. and Sobarzo, M.: Quantification of the surface brackish water layer and frontal zones in southern Chilean fjords between Boca del Guafo (43°30′ S) and Estero Elefantes (46°30′ S), Cont. Shelf Res., 31, 162–171, 2011.
Castillo, M. I., Pizarro, O., Cifuentes, U., Ramirez, N., and Djurfeldt, L.: Subtidal dynamics in a deep fjord of southern Chile, Cont. Shelf Res., 49, 73–89, 2012.
Short summary
The upper layer of the Reloncaví fjord, Chile, shows a continuous stratification year-round. Nevertheless, the vertical salt flux seems to be balanced by the horizontal salt flux, which maintains the amount of salt into the fjord nearly as a steady state. The upper layer shows a flushing time of about 3 days.