Articles | Volume 18, issue 3
Research article
 | Highlight paper
13 May 2022
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 13 May 2022

Currents generated by the sea breeze in the southern Caspian Sea

Mina Masoud and Rich Pawlowicz

Related authors

The interpretation of temperature and salinity variables in numerical ocean model output and the calculation of heat fluxes and heat content
Trevor J. McDougall, Paul M. Barker, Ryan M. Holmes, Rich Pawlowicz, Stephen M. Griffies, and Paul J. Durack
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 6445–6466,,, 2021
Short summary
Estimating the Absolute Salinity of Chinese offshore waters using nutrients and inorganic carbon data
Fengying Ji, Rich Pawlowicz, and Xuejun Xiong
Ocean Sci., 17, 909–918,,, 2021
Short summary
Estimating the Absolute Salinity of China Offshore Seawater Using Nutrients and Inorganic Carbon Data
Fengying Ji, Xuejun Xiong, and Rich Pawlowicz
Ocean Sci. Discuss.,,, 2020
Preprint withdrawn
Short summary

Cited articles

Alizadeh, K. L. H., Tavakoli, V., and Amini, A.: South Caspian river mouth configuration under human impact and sea level fluctuations, Environ. Sci. 5, 65–86, 2008. a
Azizi, Q., Masoumpoor, J., Khoush-Akhlaq, F., Ranjbar, A., and Zavar, R.: Numerical Simulation of Sea Breeze on the Southern Shores of Caspian Sea on the basis of Climate Characteristics, J. Climatol., 1, 21–38, 2010. a, b, c, d, e
Azorin-Molina, C. and Chen, D.: A climatological study of the influence of synoptic-scale flows on sea breeze evolution in the Bay of Alicante (Spain), Theor. Appl. Climatol., 96, 249–260, 2009. a, b
Beauducel, F.: SUNRISE: sunrise and sunset times, GitHub, (last access: 10 December 2020), 2021. a
Bohluly, A., Esfahani, F. S., Namin, M. M., and Chegini, F.: Evaluation of wind induced currents modeling along the Southern Caspian Sea, Cont. Shelf Res., 153, 50–63, 2018. a, b
Short summary
The smaller thermal heat capacity of land relative to the sea results in land–sea thermal gradients with a daily cycle, called sea breeze systems, with the same daily periodicity. Since tides in the Caspian, as the largest enclosed basin with a persistent sea breeze system through the year, are very weak we found that most of the higher-frequency variations in coastal currents are a response to the sea breeze system.