Articles | Volume 17, issue 1
Ocean Sci., 17, 335–350, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-17-335-2021
Ocean Sci., 17, 335–350, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-17-335-2021

Research article 18 Feb 2021

Research article | 18 Feb 2021

Multidecadal polynya formation in a conceptual (box) model

Daan Boot et al.

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Earth Syst. Dynam. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2021-42,https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2021-42, 2021
Preprint under review for ESD
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Cited articles

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Boot, D., Van Westen, R. M., and Dijkstra, H. A.: MRP_Conceptual_Box_Model, Zenodo, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3941689, 2020. a
Campbell, E., Wilson, E., and Moore, G.: Antarctic offshore polynyas linked to Southern Hemisphere climate anomalies, Nature, 570, 319–325, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1294-0, 2019. a, b, c, d
Carsey, F. D.: Microwave Observations of the Weddell Polynya, Mon. Weather Rev., 108, 2032–2044, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1980)108<2032:MOOTWP>2.0.CO;2, 1980. a
Cheon, W. G. and Gordon, A. L.: Open-ocean polynyas and deep convection in the Southern Ocean, Sci. Rep.-UK, 9, 6935, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-43466-2, 2019. a, b, c
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The Maud Rise polynya is a hole in the sea ice surrounding Antarctica that occurs during winter. It appeared in 2016 and 2017. Our study concludes that heat and salt accumulation around 1000 m depth are likely to be important for polynya formation. The heat is mixed upward to the surface where it is able to melt the sea ice and, thus, create a polynya. How often the polynya forms depends largely on the variation in the time of the heat and salt accumulation.