Articles | Volume 12, issue 4
Ocean Sci., 12, 925–935, 2016
Ocean Sci., 12, 925–935, 2016

Research article 26 Jul 2016

Research article | 26 Jul 2016

Observed and simulated full-depth ocean heat-content changes for 1970–2005

Lijing Cheng et al.

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Cited articles

Balmaseda, M. A., Trenberth, K. E., and Källén, E.: Distinctive climate signals in reanalysis of global ocean heat content, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1–6,, 2013.
Cheng, L. and Zhu, J.: Artifacts in variations of ocean heat content induced by the observation system changes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 7276–7283, 2014.
Cheng, L. and Zhu, J.: Influences of the choice of climatology on ocean heat content estimation, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 32, 388–394, 2015.
Short summary
A new method of observing ocean heat content throughout the entire ocean depth is provided. The new method is compared with simulated ocean heat content changes from climate models. The comparisons are carried out in various depth layers of the ocean waters. It is found that there is excellent agreement between the models and the observations. Furthermore, we propose that changes to ocean heat content be used as a fundamental metric to evaluate climate models.