Articles | Volume 12, issue 6
Research article
22 Nov 2016
Research article |  | 22 Nov 2016

Predicted ripple dimensions in relation to the precision of in situ measurements in the southern North Sea

Knut Krämer and Christian Winter


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Short summary
Ripples are small regular sand waves found on beaches or the floor of rivers and coastal seas. Their shapes and dimensions are controlled by properties of the sand and the strength of waves and currents. The form of ripples can be predicted by mathematical formulas which were often developed from laboratory experiments. In this work, we present methods for measurement of ripple heights and lengths from the North Sea and compare the results to calculated dimensions.