Articles | Volume 18, issue 1
Research article
19 Jan 2022
Research article |  | 19 Jan 2022

Refined estimates of water transport through the Åland Sea in the Baltic Sea

Antti Westerlund, Elina Miettunen, Laura Tuomi, and Pekka Alenius


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Short summary
Water exchange through the Åland Sea (in the Baltic Sea) affects the conditions in the neighbouring Gulf of Bothnia. Pathways and variability of flows were studied with a high-resolution hydrodynamic model. Our analysis showed a northward transport in the deep layer and net transport towards the south in the surface layer. While on the southern edge of the Åland Sea the primary route of deep-water exchange is through Lågskär Deep, some deep water still bypasses it to the Åland Sea.