Articles | Volume 17, issue 4
Research article
15 Jul 2021
Research article |  | 15 Jul 2021

Surface atmospheric forcing as the driver of long-term pathways and timescales of ocean ventilation

Alice Marzocchi, A. J. George Nurser, Louis Clément, and Elaine L. McDonagh


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Short summary
The ocean absorbs a large proportion of the excess heat and anthropogenic carbon in the climate system. This uptake is modulated by air–sea fluxes and by the processes that transport water from the surface into the ocean’s interior. We performed numerical simulations with interannually varying passive tracers and identified the key role of surface atmospheric forcing in setting the longer-term variability in the distribution of the tracers after they are transported below the ocean’s surface.