Articles | Volume 16, issue 2
Ocean Sci., 16, 291–305, 2020
Ocean Sci., 16, 291–305, 2020

Research article 06 Mar 2020

Research article | 06 Mar 2020

A revised ocean glider concept to realize Stommel's vision and supplement Argo floats

Erik M. Bruvik et al.

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Cited articles

Alvarez, A., Garau, B., and Caiti, A.: Combining networks of drifting profiling floats and gliders for adaptive sampling of the Ocean, Proceedings 2007 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Roma, Italy, 10–14 April 2007, IEEE,, 2007. 
Alvarez, A., Chiggiato, J., and Schroeder, K.: Mapping sub-surface geostrophic currents from altimetry and a fleet of gliders, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. I, 74, 115–129,, 2013. 
Anderson, J. D.: Fundamentals of Aerodynamics, 5th edn., McGraw-Hill, New York, ISBN 978-007-128908-5, 2011. 
Argo: How do Argo floats work, Argo web pages, available at:, last access: 18 October 2019a. 
Argo: FAQ – How much does the project cost and who pays?, Argo web pages, available at:, last access: 21 October 2019b. 
Short summary
A concept of small and slow ocean gliders or profiling floats with wings is explored. These robots or drones measure the ocean temperature and currents. Even if the speed is very slow, only 13 cm s1, it is possible to navigate the (simulated) ocean using a navigation method called Eulerian roaming. The slow speed and size conserve a lot of energy and enable scientific missions of years at sea.