Articles | Volume 14, issue 4
Ocean Sci., 14, 661–667, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-14-661-2018

Special issue: Shipping and the Environment – From Regional to Global...

Ocean Sci., 14, 661–667, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-14-661-2018

Research article 18 Jul 2018

Research article | 18 Jul 2018

Low salinity as a biosecurity tool for minimizing biofouling on ship sea chests

Maria Cecilia T. de Castro et al.

Cited articles

Batista, W. R., Neves, M. H. C. B., Coutinho, R., Lopes, C. C., and Lopes, R. S. C.: Glicerofosfolipídios sintéticos para uso como aditivo biocida em tintas anti incrustante, Química Nova, 38, 917–923, 2015. 
Bremekamp, M.: Tidal Propagation in Plymouth Sound and Tamar Estuary, Master of Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Plymouth University, Plymouth, UK, 2012. 
Bullard, S. G., Whitlatch, R. B., and Osman, R. W.: Checking the landing zone: Do invertebrate larvae avoid settling near superior spatial competitors?, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 280, 239–247, 2004. 
Bullard, S. G., Lambert, G., Carman, M. R., Byrnes, J., Whitlatch, R. B., Ruiz, G., Miller, R., Harris, L., Valentine, P. C., and Collie, J. S.: The colonial ascidian Didemnum sp. A: current distribution, basic biology and potential threat to marine communities of the northeast and west coasts of North America, J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 342, 99–108, 2007. 
Carlton, J., Reid, D. M., and van Leeuwen, H.: The role of shipping in the introduction of nonindigenous aquatic organisms to the coastal waters of the United States (other than the Great Lakes) and an analysis of control options, Report to US Coast Guard, Washington, D.C., 1995. 
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Short summary
Biofouling results from the colonization of bacteria, algae or animals over natural or synthetic surfaces at sea. Biofouling affects ships' performance negatively, and usual practices to avoid it are related to the use of biocides to intoxicate or prevent the adherence of these organisms. Here, we demonstrated that the use of low salinity for short periods of time can effectively kill these organisms and can be incorporated into vessels' operation routine without causing delay or extra cost.