Shipping and the Environment – From Regional to Global Perspectives (ACP/OS inter-journal SI)(ACP/OS inter-journal SI)
Shipping and the Environment – From Regional to Global Perspectives (ACP/OS inter-journal SI)(ACP/OS inter-journal SI)
Editor(s): J. M. Huthnance and D. Turner Special issue jointly organized between Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics and Ocean Science
Exhaust emissions from shipping originating from combustion of marine fuels contribute significantly to the anthropogenic burden of air pollutants which have negative effects on human health and ecosystems, including increased human mortality and morbidity, and acidification and eutrophication of freshwaters and marine waters. There is also a rising awareness of the negative impact from shipping on the marine environment. To summarize, the impact of shipping on induced seawater pollution is challenging as the stressors (nutrients, hazardous substances, particulate contaminants, acidifying substances, and invasive species) come from many different activities related to shipping, and act differently, and it is difficult to find a common denominator to assess the total impact. It is recognized that anthropogenic noise might also have adverse effects on the marine environment. The ambition to reduce the negative environmental impacts of international shipping is an overarching objective of international and macro-regional conventions, directives, and national legislation.

Recognition of the topic’s importance has resulted in growing research momentum on the environmental consequences of shipping. An international conference, "Shipping and the Environment – From Regional to Global Perspectives" (, which took place in Gothenburg, Sweden, 23–24 October, was a joint activity of the BONUS SHEBA (Shipping and the environment of the Baltic Sea Region) and SOLAS international projects. The large interest in the conference (118 participants from 15 countries) showed that an initiative covering a wide range of natural and social sciences involved in assessment of impacts of shipping has been very timely. As a follow-up of the conference, this proposed special issue aims to address a wide range of impacts of shipping on air pollution, seawater pollution, underwater noise and climate, environmental impacts of these pressures, as well as the socio-economic consequences of these. It would be open not only to papers presented at the conference, but also to others addressing the topic.

To illustrate the range of topics to be covered by the special issue and the need for a joint issue between ACP and OS, the topics covered at the conference included experimental characterization of emissions to air and water and of underwater noise from shipping, emission inventories including the scenario emissions and impact of legislation, economic instruments and technological development on these, air quality and oceanic modelling of fates and effects of pollutants from shipping, assessment of impacts of emissions on human health, land, and marine ecosystems, and assessment of socioeconomic consequences of the environmental impacts and abatement measures.

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22 Oct 2021
The impact of nitrogen and sulfur emissions from shipping on the exceedance of critical loads in the Baltic Sea region
Sara Jutterström, Filip Moldan, Jana Moldanová, Matthias Karl, Volker Matthias, and Maximilian Posch
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 15827–15845,,, 2021
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27 Sep 2021
In situ observations of turbulent ship wakes and their spatiotemporal extent
Amanda T. Nylund, Lars Arneborg, Anders Tengberg, Ulf Mallast, and Ida-Maja Hassellöv
Ocean Sci., 17, 1285–1302,,, 2021
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28 May 2021
Modelling of discharges from Baltic Sea shipping
Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, Lasse Johansson, Magda Wilewska-Bien, Lena Granhag, Erik Ytreberg, K. Martin Eriksson, Daniel Yngsell, Ida-Maja Hassellöv, Kerstin Magnusson, Urmas Raudsepp, Ilja Maljutenko, Hulda Winnes, and Jana Moldanova
Ocean Sci., 17, 699–728,,, 2021
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06 Oct 2020
Effects of global ship emissions on European air pollution levels
Jan Eiof Jonson, Michael Gauss, Michael Schulz, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, and Hilde Fagerli
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 11399–11422,,, 2020
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02 Oct 2020
Model for leisure boat activities and emissions – implementation for the Baltic Sea
Lasse Johansson, Erik Ytreberg, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, Erik Fridell, K. Martin Eriksson, Maria Lagerström, Ilja Maljutenko, Urmas Raudsepp, Vivian Fischer, and Eva Roth
Ocean Sci., 16, 1143–1163,,, 2020
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11 Sep 2020
The impact of ship emissions on air quality and human health in the Gothenburg area – Part II: Scenarios for 2040
Martin O. P. Ramacher, Lin Tang, Jana Moldanová, Volker Matthias, Matthias Karl, Erik Fridell, and Lasse Johansson
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 10667–10686,,, 2020
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30 Jun 2020
The impact of ship emissions on air quality and human health in the Gothenburg area – Part 1: 2012 emissions
Lin Tang, Martin O. P. Ramacher, Jana Moldanová, Volker Matthias, Matthias Karl, Lasse Johansson, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, Katarina Yaramenka, Armin Aulinger, and Malin Gustafsson
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 7509–7530,,, 2020
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07 Feb 2020
Size-segregated characteristics of organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC) and organic matter in particulate matter (PM) emitted from different types of ships in China
Fan Zhang, Hai Guo, Yingjun Chen, Volker Matthias, Yan Zhang, Xin Yang, and Jianmin Chen
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 1549–1564,,, 2020
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21 Jan 2020
Quantifying the contribution of shipping NOx emissions to the marine nitrogen inventory – a case study for the western Baltic Sea
Daniel Neumann, Matthias Karl, Hagen Radtke, Volker Matthias, René Friedland, and Thomas Neumann
Ocean Sci., 16, 115–134,,, 2020
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11 Nov 2019
Surveillance of SO2 and NO2 from ship emissions by MAX-DOAS measurements and the implications regarding fuel sulfur content compliance
Yuli Cheng, Shanshan Wang, Jian Zhu, Yanlin Guo, Ruifeng Zhang, Yiming Liu, Yan Zhang, Qi Yu, Weichun Ma, and Bin Zhou
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 13611–13626,,, 2019
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05 Nov 2019
Effects of strengthening the Baltic Sea ECA regulations
Jan Eiof Jonson, Michael Gauss, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, and Lasse Johansson
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 13469–13487,,, 2019
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18 Jul 2019
Urban population exposure to NOx emissions from local shipping in three Baltic Sea harbour cities – a generic approach
Martin Otto Paul Ramacher, Matthias Karl, Johannes Bieser, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, and Lasse Johansson
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 9153–9179,,, 2019
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11 Jul 2019
Simulating the spread of disinfection by-products and anthropogenic bromoform emissions from ballast water discharge in Southeast Asia
Josefine Maas, Susann Tegtmeier, Birgit Quack, Arne Biastoch, Jonathan V. Durgadoo, Siren Rühs, Stephan Gollasch, and Matej David
Ocean Sci., 15, 891–904,,, 2019
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24 May 2019
Effects of ship emissions on air quality in the Baltic Sea region simulated with three different chemistry transport models
Matthias Karl, Jan Eiof Jonson, Andreas Uppstu, Armin Aulinger, Marje Prank, Mikhail Sofiev, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, Lasse Johansson, Markus Quante, and Volker Matthias
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 7019–7053,,, 2019
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14 May 2019
Atmospheric pollution from ships and its impact on local air quality at a port site in Shanghai
Xinning Wang, Yin Shen, Yanfen Lin, Jun Pan, Yan Zhang, Peter K. K. Louie, Mei Li, and Qingyan Fu
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 6315–6330,,, 2019
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09 May 2019
The influence of spatiality on shipping emissions, air quality and potential human exposure in the Yangtze River Delta/Shanghai, China
Junlan Feng, Yan Zhang, Shanshan Li, Jingbo Mao, Allison P. Patton, Yuyan Zhou, Weichun Ma, Cong Liu, Haidong Kan, Cheng Huang, Jingyu An, Li Li, Yin Shen, Qingyan Fu, Xinning Wang, Juan Liu, Shuxiao Wang, Dian Ding, Jie Cheng, Wangqi Ge, Hong Zhu, and Katherine Walker
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 6167–6183,,, 2019
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11 Apr 2019
Compliance and port air quality features with respect to ship fuel switching regulation: a field observation campaign, SEISO-Bohai
Yanni Zhang, Fanyuan Deng, Hanyang Man, Mingliang Fu, Zhaofeng Lv, Qian Xiao, Xinxin Jin, Shuai Liu, Kebin He, and Huan Liu
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 4899–4916,,, 2019
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08 Feb 2019
Impact of a nitrogen emission control area (NECA) on the future air quality and nitrogen deposition to seawater in the Baltic Sea region
Matthias Karl, Johannes Bieser, Beate Geyer, Volker Matthias, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, Lasse Johansson, and Erik Fridell
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 1721–1752,,, 2019
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07 Nov 2018
Modelling of ships as a source of underwater noise
Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, Lasse Johansson, Mattias Liefvendahl, Rickard Bensow, Peter Sigray, Martin Östberg, Ilkka Karasalo, Mathias Andersson, Heikki Peltonen, and Jukka Pajala
Ocean Sci., 14, 1373–1383,,, 2018
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02 Nov 2018
Impacts of shipping emissions on PM2.5 pollution in China
Zhaofeng Lv, Huan Liu, Qi Ying, Mingliang Fu, Zhihang Meng, Yue Wang, Wei Wei, Huiming Gong, and Kebin He
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 15811–15824,,, 2018
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18 Jul 2018
Low salinity as a biosecurity tool for minimizing biofouling on ship sea chests
Maria Cecilia T. de Castro, Thomas Vance, Anna L. E. Yunnie, Timothy W. Fileman, and Jason M. Hall-Spencer
Ocean Sci., 14, 661–667,,, 2018
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06 Jul 2018
Characteristics of marine shipping emissions at berth: profiles for particulate matter and volatile organic compounds
Qian Xiao, Mei Li, Huan Liu, Mingliang Fu, Fanyuan Deng, Zhaofeng Lv, Hanyang Man, Xinxin Jin, Shuai Liu, and Kebin He
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 9527–9545,,, 2018
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