Articles | Volume 14, issue 6
Ocean Sci., 14, 1373–1383, 2018

Special issue: Shipping and the Environment – From Regional to Global...

Ocean Sci., 14, 1373–1383, 2018

Research article 07 Nov 2018

Research article | 07 Nov 2018

Modelling of ships as a source of underwater noise

Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen et al.

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Cited articles

Arveson, P. T. and Vendittis, D. J.: Radiated noise characteristics of a modern cargo ship, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 107, 118–129,, 2000. 
Audoly, C., Rousset, C., Rizzuto, E., Mullor, R. S., Hallander, J., and Baudin, E.: Mitigation measures for controlling the ship underwater radiated noise, in the scope of AQUO project, MTS/IEEE Ocean. 2015 – Genova Discov. Sustain, Ocean Energy a New World,, 2015. 
Barnes, J., Langdon, M., Tolley, K., Wall, L., and Skelton, M.: Marine Engines 2005 – Motorship Supplement, Motorship, 2005. 
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European Parliament and Council of the European Union: Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Off. J. Eur. Union, 164, 19–40,, 2008. 
Short summary
This paper presents the implementation of an underwater noise emission module in the Ship Traffic Emission Assessment Model. This model is based on real shipping activity, as described by the vessel navigation systems, and combines it with technical descriptions of each ship. The methodology described facilitates the expression of underwater noise as emission maps, which describe the energy emitted to the water. This enables regular reporting of shipping noise and facilitates further research.