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Volume 11, issue 5
Ocean Sci., 11, 743–757, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-11-743-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ocean Sci., 11, 743–757, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-11-743-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 22 Sep 2015

Research article | 22 Sep 2015

Transport of volume, heat, and salt towards the Arctic in the Faroe Current 1993–2013

B. Hansen et al.

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Årthun, M., Eldevik, T., Smedsrud, L. H., Skagseth, Ø., and Ingvaldsen, R. B.: Quantifying the influence of Atlantic heat on Barents Sea ice variability and retreat, J. Climate, 25, 4736–4743, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00466.1, 2012.
Berx, B., Hansen, B., Østerhus, S., Larsen, K. M., Sherwin, T., and Jochumsen, K.: Combining in situ measurements and altimetry to estimate volume, heat and salt transport variability through the Faroe–Shetland Channel, Ocean Sci., 9, 639–654, https://doi.org/10.5194/os-9-639-2013, 2013.
Childers, K. H., Flagg, C. N., and Rossby, T.: Direct velocity observations of volume flux between Iceland and the Shetland Islands, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 119, 5934–5944, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC009946, 2014.
Collins, M., Knutti, R., Arblaster, J., Dufresne, J.-L., Fichefet, T., Friedlingstein, P., Gao, X., Gutowski, W. J., Johns, T., Krinner, G., Shongwe, N., Tebaldi, C., Weaver, A. J., and Wehner, M.: Long-term climate change: projections, commitments and irreversibility, Chap. 12, in: Climate Change 2013: the Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by: Stocker, T. F., Qin, D., Plattner, G.-K., Tignor, M., Allen, S. K., Boschung, J., Nauels, A., Xia, Y., Bex, V., and Midgley, P. M., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, New York, NY, USA, 2013.
Glessmer, M. S., Eldevik, T., Våge, K., Nilsen, J. E. O., and Behrens, E.: Atlantic origin of observed and modelled freshwater anomalies in the Nordic Seas, Nat. Geosci., 7, 801–805, https://doi.org/10.1038/NGEO2259, 2014.
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Short summary
The Faroe Current is the main ocean current transporting warm Atlantic water into the Arctic region and an important transporter of heat towards the Arctic. This study documents observed transport variations over two decades, from 1993 to 2013. It shows that the volume transport of Atlantic water in this current increased by 9% over the period, whereas the heat transport increased by 18%. This increase will have contributed to the observed warming and sea ice decline in the Arctic.
The Faroe Current is the main ocean current transporting warm Atlantic water into the Arctic...
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