Articles | Volume 19, issue 4
Research article
06 Jul 2023
Research article |  | 06 Jul 2023

Consistent picture of the horizontal circulation of the Atlantic Ocean over 3 decades

Verónica Caínzos, M. Dolores Pérez-Hernández, Daniel Santana-Toscano, Cristina Arumí-Planas, and Alonso Hernández-Guerra

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Cited articles

Álvarez, M., Bryden, H. L., Pérez, F. F., Ríos, A. F., and Rosón, G.: Physical and biogeochemical fluxes and net budgets in the subpolar and temperate North Atlantic, J. Mar. Res., 60, 191–226, 2002. 
Arhan, M., Mercier, H., and Park, Y. H.: On the deep water circulation of the eastern South Atlantic Ocean, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. I, 50, 889–916,, 2003. 
Artana, C., Ferrari, R., Koenig, Z., Sennéchael, N., Saraceno, M., Piola, A. R., and Provost, C.: Malvinas current volume transport at 41 S: A 24 yearlong time series consistent with mooring data from 3 decades and satellite altimetry, J. Geophys. Res.-Ocean., 123, 378–398,, 2018. 
Arumí-Planas, C., Pérez-Hernández, M. D., Pelegrí, J. L., Vélez-Belchí, P., Emelianov, M., Caínzos, V., Cana, L., Firing, Y. L., García-Weil, L., Santana-Toscano, D., and Hernández-Guerra, A.: The South Atlantic Circulation Between 34.5 S, 24 S and Above the Mid-Atlantic Ridge From an Inverse Box Model, J. Geophys. Res.-Ocean., 128, 1–21,, 2023. 
Atkinson, C. P., Bryden, H. L., Hirschi, J. J.-M., and Kanzow, T.: On the seasonal cycles and variability of Florida Straits, Ekman and Sverdrup transports at 26 N in the Atlantic Ocean, Ocean Sci., 6, 837–859,, 2010. 
Short summary
The pathways of the Atlantic circulation form a complex system of currents that change meridionally due to interactions with nearby water masses. Over the last 30 years, hydrographic data have allowed us to characterize these upper, deep, and abyssal currents for the entire water column using high-resolution data, computing their mass, heat, and freshwater transports. Generally, we have found no changes among decades for each current in terms of the transport of mass or properties.