Articles | Volume 18, issue 3
Research article
10 May 2022
Research article |  | 10 May 2022

Interannual variation of a bottom cold water mass in the Seto Inland Sea, Japan

Junying Zhu, Jie Shi, and Xinyu Guo

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Cited articles

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Chang, P. H., Guo, X., and Takeoka, H.: A numerical study of the seasonal circulation in the Seto Inland Sea, Japan, J. Oceanogr., 65, 721–736,, 2009. 
Chen, K., Kwon, Y. O., and Gawarkiewicz, G.: Interannual variability of winter-spring temperature in the Middle Atlantic Bight: Relative contributions of atmospheric and oceanic processes, J. Geophys. Res.-Ocean., 121, 4209–4227, https://, 2016. 
Chen, Z. and Curchitser, E. N.: Interannual variability of the Mid-Atlantic Bight Cold Pool, J. Geophys. Res.-Ocean., 125, e2020JC016445,, 2020. 
Short summary
A bottom cold water mass (BCWM) is a widespread physical oceanographic phenomenon among coastal seas. Observations reveal a prominent interannual variation in a BCWM in the Seto Inland Sea during 1994–2015. We found that air–sea heat flux change during the warming season plays an important role in its interannual variation. Comparison with other BCWMs indicates that the size is a key factor for their difference. The findings help understand the response of BCWMs to sea surface forcing change.