Articles | Volume 10, issue 4
Research article
07 Aug 2014
Research article |  | 07 Aug 2014

The Mediterranean is becoming saltier

M. Borghini, H. Bryden, K. Schroeder, S. Sparnocchia, and A. Vetrano

Related authors

Deep-water hydrodynamic observations around a cold-water coral habitat in a submarine canyon in the eastern Ligurian Sea (Mediterranean Sea)
Tiziana Ciuffardi, Zoi Kokkini, Maristella Berta, Marina Locritani, Andrea Bordone, Ivana Delbono, Mireno Borghini, Maurizio Demarte, Roberta Ivaldi, Federica Pannacciulli, Anna Vetrano, Davide Marini, and Giovanni Caprino
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 15, 1933–1946,,, 2023
Short summary
Deep-water hydrodynamic observations of two moorings sites on the continental slope of the southern Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea)
Francesco Paladini de Mendoza, Katrin Schroeder, Leonardo Langone, Jacopo Chiggiato, Mireno Borghini, Patrizia Giordano, Giulio Verazzo, and Stefano Miserocchi
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 5617–5635,,, 2022
Short summary
Climatological distribution of dissolved inorganic nutrients in the western Mediterranean Sea (1981–2017)
Malek Belgacem, Katrin Schroeder, Alexander Barth, Charles Troupin, Bruno Pavoni, Patrick Raimbault, Nicole Garcia, Mireno Borghini, and Jacopo Chiggiato
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 5915–5949,,, 2021
Short summary
Dissolved inorganic nutrients in the western Mediterranean Sea (2004–2017)
Malek Belgacem, Jacopo Chiggiato, Mireno Borghini, Bruno Pavoni, Gabriella Cerrati, Francesco Acri, Stefano Cozzi, Alberto Ribotti, Marta Álvarez, Siv K. Lauvset, and Katrin Schroeder
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 1985–2011,,, 2020
Short summary
Quality assurance and control on hydrological data off western Sardinia (2000–2004), western Mediterranean
Alberto Ribotti, Roberto Sorgente, and Mireno Borghini
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 1287–1294,,, 2020
Short summary

Related subject area

Approach: In situ Observations | Depth range: Deep Ocean | Geographical range: Mediterranean Sea | Phenomena: Temperature, Salinity and Density Fields
Salinity in the Sicily Channel corroborates the role of the Adriatic–Ionian Bimodal Oscillating System (BiOS) in shaping the decadal variability of the Mediterranean overturning circulation
M. Gačić, K. Schroeder, G. Civitarese, S. Cosoli, A. Vetrano, and G. L. Eusebi Borzelli
Ocean Sci., 9, 83–90,,, 2013

Cited articles

Béthoux, J. P.: Budgets of the Mediterranean Sea, their dependence on the local climate and on characteristics of the Atlantic waters, Oceanologica Acta, 2, 157–163, 1979.
Béthoux, J. P. and Gentili, B.: Functioning of the Mediterranean Sea: Past and present changes related to freshwater input and climate changes, J. Mar. Syst., 20, 33–47, 1999.
Bryden, H. L. and Kinder, T. H.: Steady two-layer exchange through the Strait of Gibraltar, Deep-Sea Res., 38 (Supplement 1), S445–S463, 1991.
Bryden, H. L., Millard, R. C., and Porter, D. L.: CTD observations in the western Mediterranean Sea during Cruise 118, Leg 2 of R/V Chain, February, 1975. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Technical Report WHOI-78-26, 38 pp., 1978.
Bryden, H. L., Candela, J., and Kinder, T. H.: Exchange through the Strait of Gibraltar, Prog. Oceanogr., 33, 201–248, 1994.