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Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/osd-11-1191-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/osd-11-1191-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  30 Apr 2014

30 Apr 2014

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This preprint was under review for the journal OS. A revision for further review has not been submitted.

The shallow meridional overturning circulation of the South China Sea

N. Zhang, J. Lan, and F. Cui N. Zhang et al.
  • Physical Oceanography Laboratory, and College of Physical and Environmental Oceanography, Ocean University of China, Qing dao, China

Abstract. In this paper, the structure and formation mechanism of the annual-mean shallow meridional overturning circulation of the South China Sea (SCS) are investigated. A distinct clockwise overturning circulation is present above 400 m in the SCS on the climatological annual mean scale. The shallow meridional overturning circulation consists of downwelling in the northern SCS, a southward subsurface branch supplying upwelling in the southern SCS and a northward return flow of surface water. The formation mechanism is explored by studying causes of the branches constituting the meridional overturning circulation. The surface branch is driven by the annual mean zonal component of the wind stress which is predominantly westward. Another effect of the wind is Ekman pumping related subduction in the north hence the main source of downwelling there. The mixed layer depth reaches its maximum in winter and shoals in spring, which causes the thermocline to outcrop and ventilate. Part of the water mass from the bottom of the mixed layer subducts into the thermocline and flows southward along the isopycnals. The upwelling region is mainly along the Vietnam coast and in the open-ocean off it. In summer, the alongshore component of wind stress off Vietnam can cause coastal upwelling and the increase of alongshore wind off the coast can also cause great upwelling in the open-ocean off the Vietnam coast.

N. Zhang et al.

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N. Zhang et al.

N. Zhang et al.

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