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Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/osd-10-555-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/osd-10-555-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  15 Mar 2013

15 Mar 2013

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This preprint was under review for the journal OS but the revision was not accepted.

Coupling of eastern and western subpolar North Atlantic: salt transport in the Irminger Current

A. Born2,1, T. F. Stocker2,1, and A. B. Sandø3,4 A. Born et al.
  • 1Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
  • 2Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, Bern, Switzerland
  • 3Institute for Marine Research, Bergen, Norway
  • 4Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway

Abstract. Salt transport in the Irminger Current and thus the coupling between eastern and western subpolar North Atlantic plays an important role for climate variability across a wide range of time scales. High-resolution ocean modeling and observations indicate that salinities in the eastern subpolar North Atlantic decrease with enhanced circulation of the North Atlantic subpolar gyre (SPG). This has led to the perception that a stronger SPG also transports less salt westward. In this study, we analyze a regional ocean model and a comprehensive global coupled climate model, and show that a stronger SPG transports more salt in the Irminger Current irrespective of lower salinities in its source region. The additional salt converges in the Labrador Sea and the Irminger Basin by eddy transports, increases surface salinity in the western SPG, and favors more intense deep convection. This is part of a positive feedback mechanism with potentially large implications for climate variability and predictability.

A. Born et al.

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A. Born et al.

A. Born et al.

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